CPAG in the news | CPAG

CPAG in the news

Here is a selection of recent coverage of our work.

26 June
 

The Independent

'Alison Garnham, our chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group, said next week was "way too soon" to end the suspension of conditionality and sanctions for people claiming universal credit.'

People could be forced to take on jobs that place health at risk as suspension on benefit sanctions set to end

23 June
 

Public Technology

'John Dickie, director of CPAG in Scotland, said: “This crisis means that even more families than usual are facing financial challenges as schools return with the new blended learning approach.  Parents have told us what a difference digital and classroom resources and support make, both to their budgets and to their children’s learning. Government at every level must now commit to ensuring every child has what they need to fully take part in learning, whether that’s in school or from home.”'

Home-schooling technology demands hits poorer families hardest, study finds

22 June
 

The Sun

'Child Poverty Action Group's (CPAG) solicitor Carla Clarke, who represented the three other mums said: "It's a credit to these mothers that having exhausted everything they could do to try and address the situation themselves, they were prepared to go to court to get the situation corrected for themselves and to prevent others from experiencing the hardship, stress and humiliation that they experienced."'

PAY DAY Judges rule Universal Credit assessment dates are ‘irrational and unlawful’ – and it could help 85,000 others

18 June
 

Yahoo! News

'A survey of 3,600 parents and carers and 1,300 children and young people in England, Scotland and Wales was carried out by CPAG’s UK Cost of the School Day project, run in partnership with Children North East, in May. It found that while low-income parents and carers are concerned with helping their children to continue learning through lockdown, they reported facing significantly more stress and worry around home learning and household finances than those in better off homes.'

Home and school-based learning must be ‘poverty-proofed’, says charity

The Times

'CPAG’s Cost of the School Day report made a series of recommendations, including calls for the UK government to increase child benefit by £10 per child per week and for the Scottish government to provide emergency funds to low-income families.'

Coronavirus in Scotland: Poorer families hit hardest by cost of school shutdown

ITV

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of CPAG said: “When it comes to bearing the additional costs of learning at home during the pandemic, we are not ‘all in it together’.'

Home and school-based learning must be ‘poverty-proofed’, says charity

17 June
 

The Sun

'Child Poverty Action Group charity's chief executive Alison Garnham said: "For many families struggling in the wake of Covid-19, free school meal replacements will make the difference between staying above water or not in the months ahead. This change is testament to the strong feeling across the country that a more compassionate stance and strong anti-poverty policies are needed so that children never go short of food in the UK."'

TOP MARCS! Marcus Rashford: Boris Johnson u-turns over free school meals for summer in boost for poor families

9 June

 

BBC News online

'John Dickie of the Child Poverty Action Group added: "There's no question that the current crisis has exposed the utter inadequacy of our existing social security system, so it really is a time for bold ideas and rethinking what a social security system should look like, that gives genuine secure futures to all our families."'

Has coronavirus changed the basic income debate?

5 June
 

The Express

'Yesterday, the charity [CPAG] made the following announcement: “The government has acted quickly to protect people’s economic livelihoods during the covid-19 pandemic. However, as raised in our previous Covid-19 briefing (March 2020), there is still no additional financial support beyond free school meal vouchers for families with children, despite these households facing significant extra costs.”'

Child Benefit payment increase would 'reduce child poverty' - state urged to take action

3 June
 

ITV

'Child Poverty Action Group chief executive Alison Garnham added: “Struggle is turning to real hardship. “The Government has quickly put in place unprecedented and very welcome schemes to support family finances in the wake of Covid-19, but too many households are falling through the gaps.”'

Emergency food parcels for children double in a year – food banks

Mail Online

'A coalition of charities is calling for the Government to provide more funding for councils so they can quickly get cash to families through a temporary emergency income support scheme. They include the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG), the Children's Society, the Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF), StepChange and Turn2us.'

Food banks report busiest month ever as number of families with children receiving emergency parcels DOUBLES in a year amid coronavirus lockdown

Politics.co.uk

'Kate Anstey from Child Poverty Action Group explains there are wider issues around access to school resources. "We've been hearing a lot about not having access to printers, stationery and craft materials," she says. "Families who are already under financial pressure are having to go out and buy these things."'

Falling through the cracks: The people failed by the government's covid support schemes

The Guardian

'The Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) came out of a meeting held in 1965 at Toynbee Hall, in the East End of London. It was organised by Harriett Wilson with the assistance of her son, John Veit-Wilson. The last surviving founder of the group, he has died aged 84 from multiple myeloma.'

John Veit-Wilson obituary

28 May
 

The National

'A Menu for Change, a partnership between Oxfam Scotland, Nourish Scotland, the Poverty Alliance and the Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland, has also issued a plea to both the UK and Scottish Governments about welfare policies to help those on low incomes.'

Rise in number of emergency crisis grants ‘alarming’, say charities

24 May

 

The Scotsman

'John Dickie, director of the Child Poverty Action Group said: “If we are serious about tackling the attainment gap it is vital that no child is disadvantaged in the new blended schooling model as a result of their family’s low income or lack of resources at home."'

Thousands of vulnerable Scots families don’t have equipment for online learning

20 May
 

Glasgow Times

'John Dickie, director of the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) in Scotland... said: “We may all be in this coronavirus storm together, but we really aren’t all in the same boat."'

'Cut adrift':One part of Glasgow has highest child poverty in Scotland

16 May
 

Bristol Post

'CPAG solicitor Carla Clarke said: "Today's judgment corrects a glaring injustice for the two households in this case, and many others in a similar situation, who end up worse off through no fault of their own.'

Top judges rule against Government in DWP Universal Credit case that could help thousands

15 May
 

Daily Record

'John Dickie, director of Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland, said: “It’s right that there is flexibility at local level to ensure children, including the most vulnerable, continue to be supported, but this must be underpinned by support for all low income families."'

Dumfries and Galloway councillor questions move to offer parents cash in lieu of free school meals

14 May
 

The Express

'Carla Clarke, a solicitor at Child Poverty Action Group, said: "...The Secretary of State for Work and Pensions must act swiftly to implement the judgment so that any claimant who claims UC following an incorrect decision to end their previous benefits is protected against financial losses."'

Universal Credit UK: Decision could ‘help thousands’ forced onto scheme

13 May
 

Daily Record

'John Dickie, Director of the Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland, said: “Boosting family incomes now is vital to shore up the foundations on which the recovery from coronavirus can be built and future progress on child poverty made.”'

Campaigners urge Nicola Sturgeon to back financial package to combat child poverty

12 May
 

The Guardian

'Carla Clarke, a solicitor at Child Poverty Action Group, which brought the action, said: “Claimants pushed on to universal credit when the DWP wrongly stops their old benefits should not have to tolerate an income drop that causes them real hardship simply because the DWP considers it is too costly or too complex to rectify its own mistake.”'

Benefit claimants unlawfully short-changed, court rules

5 May
 

BBC Radio 4

Director of policy Louisa McGeehan on Woman's Hour

Nursery World

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group, said that many parents who could comfortably support a third or subsequent child before the pandemic will be shocked to find that their financial security ‘falls away’ because of the virus, as they are forced to rely on social security, but find that there is no support in universal credit for their third or subsequent child.'

Coronavirus: Charities call on Government to lift the two-child universal credit limit

The Mirror

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of the Child Poverty Action Group said: "As millions of families grapple with the deep financial impacts of COVID-19, the injustice of the two-child limit is being laid bare.'

Coronavirus: 60,000 families forced onto Universal Credit 'to be hit' by two child limit

TES

'The Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) in Scotland says that cash payments “increase uptake significantly” of free meals, and it wants councils to scrap schemes that mean families are issued with food vouchers that often limit them to one supermarket chain, or mean that they have to collect free meals from hubs.'

Call for cash payments instead of free meals

3 May
 

The Scotsman

'John Dickie of the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) said even the recent increase in payments to help combat the crisis will still leave many in “huge hardship”.'

How Universal Credit is ‘pulling people into poverty’

1 May
 

BBC News online

'Child Poverty Action Group has also launched a tool to help people find support during the pandemic.'

Coronavirus: 'We go hungry so we can feed our children'

ITV News

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of CPAG, said: “We need targeted support for children if we are to shield them from poverty. Raising the level of all benefits for children would be the most effective way of getting support to families quickly.”'

Huge increase in food bank use in recent weeks, charities report

Daily Record

'John Dickie at CPAG said: “It’s vital that Scottish Ministers use every tool in their toolbox, every power they have, to protect family incomes and prevent child poverty rising through this crisis.'

Nine policies Nicola Sturgeon urged to look at to stop child poverty

22 April
 

Sunderland Echo

'The [North East Child Poverty] Commission has backed calls led by the national Child Poverty Action Group to prioritise an emergency increase in child benefit of £10 per child per week.'

Call for emergency child benefit increase to help families through pandemic

21 April
 

The Guardian

Universal credit’s two-child limit and the benefit cap must end now

Universal credit claimants with larger families will lose out, say campaigners

16 April
 

On London

'A group of more than 25 charities [including CPAG] has asked the government for six additional measures to help children through the pandemic in the capital, where the child poverty rate of 37 per cent is the highest in the country.'

Coronavirus London: Charities seek more help against child poverty

15 April
 

BBC News online

'Director John Dickie said: "It's good to see many councils already making cash payments to help hard up parents meet the extra costs they are now facing as a result of children having to stay at home. 

Coronavirus: Call for cash to replace school meal vouchers

The Mirror

'Child Poverty Action Group said cash - rather than vouchers or food - should be the principal means of providing support across Scotland. Director John Dickie said: "It's good to see many councils already making cash payments to help hard up parents meet the extra costs they are now facing as a result of children having to stay at home.'

Teachers brand free school meal vouchers a "fiasco" as kids left without food at Easter

The Guardian

Statement from CPAG CEO Alison Garnham

Coronavirus will cause child poverty to soar. So what can we do about it?

8 April
 

Scottish Housing News

'More than 40 of Scotland’s leading children’s charities [including CPAG in Scotland], faith groups, trade unions, community groups and anti-poverty organisations have joined civic organisations from across the UK to call on the Chancellor to increase child benefit by £10 a week per child to help families through the COVID-19 crisis.'

Charities call for emergency increase in child benefit

6 April

 

The Mirror

'Chief Executive Alison Garnham said: "After being frozen for so long, of course any increase is welcome. But an extra 35p a week won't even buy a small, cheap sliced loaf, let alone come close to meeting the additional costs that families suddenly have to meet when incomes are nose-diving for many."'

DWP benefits and Universal Credit rise today - full rates and why they're 'not enough'

5 April
 

Yahoo! news

'"If families who were earning decent wages before the pandemic move on to the Universal Credit, they will very suddenly find themselves living in poverty," said Louisa McGeehan, a director at Child Poverty Action Group UK.'

Coronavirus pandemic 'amplifying' poverty in UK

30 March
 

Minster FM

'Poor Children Need a Coronavirus Bonus has been published by Child Poverty Action Group.'

CORONAVIRUS - York academics call for help for poor children

28 March
 

BBC Money Box

Our welfare rights worker Martin Williams discussed self-employment and universal credit.

Money Box podcast

27 March
 

Holyrood

'John Dickie, Director of the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) in Scotland, called for further measures to be put in place by government. "Whilst not surprising after a decade of UK benefit cuts, low wage growth and increasing insecurity in the workplace it is no less shocking to see that nearly one in four of our children were still living in poverty even before the current corona crisis hit,” he said.'

Child poverty could ‘soar’ as a result of coronavirus as new statistics show nearly one in four of Scotland's children in poverty

LocalGov

'Families have also been pushed into poverty or further into poverty through policies that have affected families the most, such as benefit freezes, benefit cap and the two-child policy. Child Poverty Action Group argues that the Government’s response to the coronavirus pandemic has shown that ‘radical action is possible’.'

Charity calls for ‘emergency measures’ to tackle child poverty

26 March
 

The Guardian

'Analysis by the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) found that there were 600,000 more children in relative poverty since 2010, with low-income families especially hard hit by austerity cuts such as the four-year benefit freeze and the two-child limit.'

UK faces child poverty crisis, say charities

The Independent

'“We are facing a child poverty crisis,” warned Alison Garnham, chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group – urging ministers to prevent the current crisis triggering a further increase in the months to come.'

Number of children living in poverty rises by 100,000 in a year, 'shocking' figures reveal

The Herald

'Urging a £10 a week rise in child benefit, John Dickie, Director of the Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland, said: “Without action now, this week’s laid-off workers and their children will be adding to next year’s poverty statistics.'

Coronavirus in Scotland: Fears of surge in poverty as economy hit

25 March
 

Ekklesia

Children’s charities, including CPAG, issue joint statement on coronavirus emergency

21 March
 

HuffPost

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group, believes the government needs to provide emergency measures for struggling families and make it possible financially for every family to self isolate – particularly when children are losing out on the benefit of a free school lunch.'

Vulnerable Children Will ‘Slip Through The Cracks’ As Coronavirus Shuts Schools, Headteachers Fear

19 March
 

TES

Teaching union, charities [including CPAG], churches and parent groups call for families to be given a cash payment in lieu of free school meals

Coronavirus: Cash call for free school meal families

18 March
 

Third Force News

'CPAG Scotland director John Dickie said the impact of coronavirus would be especially hard on families who are already struggling financially. “The Scottish Welfare Fund is a hugely important statutory source of cash support that provides a lifeline to households across the country,” he added.'

Charities call for welfare fund boost

The Scotsman

'John Dickie, director of the Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland said: “Families who are already struggling to get by are now facing a massive increase in the risk of being left without enough money to feed their children and pay essential bills.'

Coronavirus: Demand for boost to crisis cash fund to help those who lose jobs

Nursery World

'Child Poverty Action Group wants emergency support for families with children put in place if schools are closed due to Covid-19 to ensure that they can afford adequate healthy food.'

Charity calls for more help for families during the coronavirus pandemic

17 March
 

The Independent

'It comes as charities call on the government to increase welfare benefit payments to support low-income families in the face of coronavirus. Child Poverty Action Group said ministers should bring in a £10 per week uplift in child benefit for the duration of the pandemic.'

Coronavirus: Food banks forced to close amid Covid-19 outbreak

The Guardian

On Tuesday, the Child Poverty Action Group led calls for the government to ease difficulties by adding £10 to child benefit payments and making universal credit advance payments no longer repayable.

Self-isolation: the volunteers offering help and hope

11 March
 

The Mirror

'Alison Garnham, Chief Executive of Child Poverty Action Group, said: "When it comes to the nation’s longer-term priorities, action on poverty must trump potholes and pubs. We need to properly re-invest in our social infrastructure.'

Budget 2020: Child poverty campaigners say kids should 'trump potholes and pubs'

The Guardian

Charities, including CPAG, call for inquiry into deaths linked to benefits cuts

Third Force News

'The Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) in Scotland also said the measures, though welcome, highlighted the “fundamental design flaws” in Universal Credit.'

Budget’s coronavirus measures “should be permanent”

9 March
 

The Guardian

Letter to Editor on a budget for social infrastructure

6 March
 

The Mirror

'The two-child benefit cap alone could push another 300,000 children into poverty by 2023-24, according to the Child Poverty Action Group.'

Poverty does not just inflict misery, it denies a generation of children the chance to flourish

The Mirror

'Alison Garnham, Chief Executive of Child Poverty Action Group, said the campaign could make a big difference to families. She added: “The Mirror is bang on when it says we must reinvest in child benefit."'

Celebs and politicians back Mirror campaign to lift 200,000 kids out of poverty

27 February
 

Disability News Service

'WinVisible secured support from CPAG’s upper tribunal project, which works with smaller organisations taking appeals to the upper tribunal.'

Tribunal victory gives hope to ‘failure to attend’ benefit victims

23 February
 

The Sunday Times

'If instead they had increased [child benefit] in line with the retail price index, payments for the eldest child would now be worth £26.20 a week. This means a family with two children is £475 a year worse off than they were in 2011, according to figures from the Child Poverty Action Group.'

Child benefit freezes ‘leave families £475 worse off’

17 February
 

The Law Society Gazette

'Career high: "My present job and the privilege of being able to represent families who already have a lot on their plate but are prepared to engage in the uncertainty, intrusion and lengthy nature of strategic litigation because they don’t want others to go through what they have had to go through with the benefits system."'

Lawyer in the news: Carla Clarke, Child Poverty Action Group

16 February
 

The Observer

'In April 2019, the charity Child Poverty Action Group published Living Hand to Mouth, a piece of research that shone a spotlight on children’s experiences of food and eating in low-income families.'

Why are millions of children in the UK not getting enough to eat?

13 February
 

The Metro

'POOR families are deeper in poverty than they were in 2013, a study claims. After housing costs, they are on an average of £73 a week below the poverty line — up from £56 seven years ago — reports Child Poverty Action Group.'

Families falling deeper into poverty, report warns

12 February
 

The National

'John Dickie, director of the Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland, commented: “It’s great to see hard pressed families across Scotland receiving the new Best Start Grants.'

Scottish Government's £20m Best Start Grant boost for families

7 February
 

The Sun

Carla Clarke, solicitor for CPAG, which represented the fathers, said: “The two fathers in this case took legal action to protect not only their own grieving children but the estimated 2,000 bereaved families who, each year, are excluded from bereavement support payments purely because the parents did not marry.

EXTRA CASH DWP loses landmark High Court battle that could win 2,000 families bereavement benefits

The Times

John Dickie, director of the Child Poverty Action Group, welcomed an increase to the Scottish Welfare Fund and the new Scottish Child Payment for low-income families. But he said there was a missed opportunity in tackling poverty, which affects 25 per cent of youngsters in Scotland.

Swinney lets schools decide spending to help deprived pupils

4 February
 

The Sun

"Is it because of the two-child limit which the Child Poverty Action Group has described as 'a policy designed to increase child poverty?'"

CREDIT COMING? Universal Credit shake-up on the way as MPs ask for extra cash to help with five-week wait

1 February
 

The Mirror

New school uniform law could see parents save hundreds on kitting out kids

28 January
 

TES

'John Dickie, director of CPAG Scotland, said: "Our work with schools and local authorities over the last five years in Scotland has shown that there are countless impactful ways to help make sure income doesn’t act as a barrier to education if we commit to listening to children and parents’ experiences and solutions."'

'If you can’t afford it you just sit there on your own'

Children & Young People Now

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of CPAG, said: “School days are supposed to be the best days of a child’s life, but instead for some children and their families, they can be a source of anxiety if there are extra and unexpected costs for parents.'

Scheme to 'poverty proof' schools rolls out across UK

9 January
 

Birmingham Live

'The group, A Menu For Change, says the new UK Government must act urgently to fix Universal Credit and uprate working-age benefits.'

Benefits crisis point sparks plea to 'fix Universal Credit' and boost benefit pay levels

Glasgow Evening Times

'Margaret MacLachlan, Project Manager, A Menu for Change said: “As we start a new decade, the relentless pressures forcing people to need emergency food aid continues."'

'National scandal': Almost 47,400 emergency food parcels handed out in Glasgow

BBC News online

'"A weakened social security system, low pay and insecure work are tightening the grip of poverty and forcing people to crisis point," said project manager Margaret MacLachlan.'

Scottish charities hand out almost 600,000 food parcels in 18 months

20 November
 

The Times

Letter to Editor on children's rights coordinated by Article 39

18 November
 

The i

'A joint National Education Union (NEU) and Child Poverty Action Group survey of 900 teachers said that over a third provide food to pupils on a termly basis, with 12 per cent doing so every single week.'

Teachers in Wales are having to lend 'desperate' children money to pay for lunch

13 November
 

The Law Society Gazette

'Carla Clarke, head of strategic litigation at Child Poverty Action Group, said households with a medical need for an additional bedroom, who had appealed the application of the bedroom tax to them before the Department for Work and Pensions amended legislation, can now have their appeals decided with the tribunals required to apply the original law in a way which avoids a breach of their right to non-discrimination.' 

'Bedroom tax' ruling clarifies tribunal powers

The Guardian

'Carla Clarke, the head of strategic litigation at the Child Poverty Action Group, said the ruling meant that households with a medical need for an additional bedroom who had appealed against the application of the bedroom tax to them before the DWP amended the legislation following a successful legal challenge could now have tribunals decide their appeals “in a way which avoids a breach of their right to non-discrimination - in other words, to not apply the bedroom tax to them”.'

UK government loses supreme court fight over bedroom tax

3 November
 

The Observer

End two-child benefits limit, say cross-party MPs

16 October

 

The Guardian

'CPAG’s chief executive, Alison Garnham, said: "As a society we believe it’s right to have a social security system that protects people from poverty and helps them to get better prospects. But this research shows that universal credit isn’t achieving those aims."'

Universal credit 'leaving families depressed' in poorest London borough

The Docklands & East London Advertiser

'Chief executive Alison Garnham said: "Many families simply didn't have enough money to live on, especially during the five-week wait for their first payment. It's right to have a social security system that protects people from poverty, but we found Universal Credit isn't achieving that aim."'

Families go hungry while Tower Hamlets Council battles to 'fill gap' in Universal Credit

2 October
 

Daily Record

'John Dickie [director of CPAG in Scotland], who helped write the findings, said: "The deeply personal stories captured in this report are as heartbreaking as they are avoidable. They bring into sharp focus how we must do much more to protect people from the income crises which fuel food insecurity and hunger."'

Food poverty leaves Scots suicidal after going for days without food

27 September
 

Your Money

'According to CPAG, rising energy costs have been a significant contributor to the higher costs of raising a child that can be traced over recent years.'

Household water and energy bills soar 30% in four years

25 September
 

BBC Radio 4

CPAG head of strategic litigation Carla Clarke interviewed about universal credit assessment periods on You and Yours

14 September
 

BBC Radio 4

CPAG in Scotland director John Dickie interviewed about the Cost of the School Day on Moneybox

4 September
 

The Big Issue

'Chief executive of CPAG Alison Garnham called on Boris Johnson’s government to raise child benefit rates, which haven’t seen an increase since 2015, to boost living standards. "Our new Prime Minister wants to unite the country. Will he then commit to restoring the value of family benefits for working and non-working households to make sure that they once again rise with inflation?"'

Single parent families struggling for cash under broken system

Nursery World

'Chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group Alison Garnham said, "Back in the early noughties politicians declared that the war on lone parents was over. But the evidence suggests that it isn’t."'

Sharp fall in living standards for lone parents

Third Force News

'Mr Dickie welcomed the Scottish Government’s announcement of a weekly £10 Scottish Child Payment for children in lower income families, but said further action was needed at a UK level to ease the financial strain on lone parent households. "The UK government must as a matter of utmost urgency commit to restoring the value of family benefits for working and non-working households and make sure that they once again rise with inflation," he added.'

Lone parents facing "drastic" income shortfalls

21 August
 

The Mirror

'Louisa McGeehan, director of policy at Child Poverty Action Group, said: "In the UK we believe that every family should have a place they can call home but the reality is that tens of thousands of homeless families are paying a terrible price for sky-high private rents and woefully few affordable homes."'

Thousands of homeless children are growing up in shipping containers and B&Bs

1 August
 

The Metro

'Child Poverty Action Group added: "Surely [the government] can find the relatively modest amount needed to abolish this cruel and nonsensical policy."'

Call to scrap ‘cruel’ cap on benefit claims

BBC News online

'John Dickie of Child Poverty Action Group Scotland, said there were other ways - as well as clothing grants and uniform banks - of helping make the school day less expensive for families. "There are really good examples of schools reflecting and improving school uniform policy. So they're reducing the cost of the school uniform so that there's no additional costs for braided blazers, or single suppliers," he said.'

School uniform costs: Children 'asking Santa for basic items'

31 July

 

Manchester Evening News

'Child Poverty Action Group described the figures as a "grim reminder" of the human cost of "this nasty policy."'

'Nasty and cruel' two-child benefits limit hits 500,000 children

BBC News online

'Child Poverty Action Group said: "Child poverty isn't just a problem in the school holidays, and it goes far beyond those eligible for free school meals."'

School holiday hunger: Parents 'living on cereal', says MP

29 July
 

The Big Issue

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group, said that child poverty will continue to rise if Boris Johnson does not take action. She explained: "This is one area where what governments do – and don’t do – makes a difference. Great progress on child poverty had been made but by cutting £40bn a year from our work-and-pensions budget through cuts and freezes to tax credits and benefits, the government has put progress into reverse."'

In-work poverty a growing crisis for 14 million struggling to make ends meet

Financial Times

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group, said the figures showed that "no matter how you look at it, child poverty is rising and it should be an urgent priority for the new prime minister."'

Johnson urged to help 7m people on persistently low incomes

19 July
 

The Metro

'Universal Credit claimants are being ‘blocked’ from challenging decisions they disagree with, a campaign group claims. The system is throwing up so many obstacles for those seeking a review that some give up, according to Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) which analysed 1,600 benefit cases. CPAG chief executive Alison Garnham said: ‘The failure to ensure Universal Credit operates in a way that upholds basic legal duties is cause for serious concern.’ 

Challenges from benefit claimants ‘get blocked’

The Mirror

'CPAG chief executive Alison Garnham said: "The failure to ensure Universal Credit operates in a way that upholds basic legal duties is cause for serious concern."'

Universal Credit claimants being "blocked" from appealing decisions

The Sun

'Dame Laura Cox, former justice of the High Court, [and author of the foreword to our report] said: "If, due to complexity, inflexibility or incoherence, the appeals process in Universal Credit cases is almost impossible to understand and to pursue effectively, incorrect decisions go unchallenged and suffering is prolonged."'

STUMBLING BLOCK: Universal Credit claimants losing out on benefits because they are wrongly ‘blocked’ from appealing decisions, warns charity

15 July
 

The Times

Law report: Guidance required on when a person is intentionally homeless

1 July
 

BBC News online

'John Dickie, from Child Poverty Action Group, says holiday hunger continues to be a real problem. He said: "There's no question the pressures low income families face during the school term are more acute during the holidays. We know from our work of parents lying awake at night worrying about how they are going to feed their children. But also feeling guilty that they can't offer their children the holiday experiences that better-off families take for granted."'

Scots families struggle to feed children in school holidays

28 June
 

Church Times

'The report, All Kids Count: The impact of the two-child limit after two years, published on Wednesday by the C of E’s Mission and Public Affairs Council and Child Poverty Action Group, says that the limit is having a "devastating effect" on families. It estimates that 160,000 families and 600,000 children have been negatively affected to date.'

‘Two-child limit will be devastating’

27 June
 

The Times

'John Dickie, director of Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland, said: "£10 a week for each child will make a real difference to families struggling to put food on the table, heat their homes and pay for the ordinary school trips, sport and other activities that are fundamental to a decent childhood. Today’s announcement is a landmark recognition of the role the Scottish social security system can play in ending child poverty."'

£10 per week government benefit payment to lift 30,000 children out of poverty

26 June
 

The Herald

'John Dickie, Director of Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) in Scotland, said: "This new payment is an absolute game changer in the fight to end child poverty."'

Charities hail Scottish Government's new Scottish Child Payment as child poverty "game changer"

The Daily Mail

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group, said: "We wouldn’t turn away a sick child from our hospitals or stop them going to school, and yet the two-child limit denies families the support they need from our social security system when they experience tough times, trapping kids in poverty."'

Two-child limit taking toll on family life, study suggests

The Times

'A report from Child Poverty Action Group and the Church of England has warned: "As a result of this policy, 300,000 children will be pushed into poverty and one million children already in poverty will be pushed even deeper into poverty by 2023-24 [by which time universal credit will be fully rolled out]."'

Two-child limit to benefits ‘forces families into poverty’

The Independent

'The two-child limit, which prohibits families from receiving tax credit and universal credit for a third or subsequent child, is "trapping children in poverty" to the point where they cannot eat healthy food or attend sports clubs, according to the research from Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) and the Church of England.' 

Women forced to consider abortions due to government policy that ‘traps children in poverty’, says report

20 June

 

The Daily Record

'David Hilber, A Menu for Change’s project officer, said: "More cash is needed to ­properly resource this lifeline and to put our recommendations into place. These crisis grants could help stop a lot more people from needing to turn to emergency food aid but there needs to be the money for councils to give out the fund properly."'

The Scottish Welfare fund crisis grants families don't know about as kids go hungry

13 June
 

BBC News online

'Child Poverty Action Group charity said "no mother should have to see her children go short of essentials in order to pay rent".'

Court backs woman in rent row with Birmingham council

12 June
 

The Independent

'Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) and Shelter, who intervened in the case, said it was right that the court ruled it wrong to expect families to rely on money they need for basic living expenses to pay their rent when their housing benefit can’t cover it.'

Single mother wins court battle after being forced into homelessness due to housing benefit shortfall

Birmingham Mail

'Martin Williams, a welfare rights adviser for Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) said: "What this means is that families made homeless due to the inability to pay rent because of cuts to housing related benefits cannot be said to be intentionally homeless."'

Birmingham mum Terryann Samuels forced into homelessness because she chose food for her kids instead of paying rent

11 June
 

Dundee Evening Telegraph

'Child Poverty Action Group’s (CPAG) Cost of the School Day report... praised the "excellent value" of council-run breakfast clubs, and noted some parents were forced to pay £3 a day for private clubs due to demand.'

Plans to provide toast for hungry pupils at Dundee school as breakfast club prices soar

7 June
 

The Big Issue

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group, said: "We all want children to get the most out of their education. But research we published with UCL shows that too many kids are routinely going hungry during the school day because there isn’t enough money at home. That isn’t right."'

A West London council is giving free school meals to every single child

5 June
 

The Sun

'Chief executive of CPAG Alison Garnham said: "Bringing more families on to Universal Credit without restoring the cuts and fixing the numerous flaws highlighted by CPAG’s Early Warning System risks scaling up the errors, hardship and unintended consequences that are blighting the lives of so many families struggling to get by."'

EXTRA CREDIT Families on Universal Credit pushed into poverty due to benefits freeze and cap

BBC News online

'Some 700,000 children in the UK could be lifted out of poverty in five easy steps costing £8.3bn, a charity says. Child Poverty Action Group analysed the impact of continuing benefit cuts to children in the UK, projecting the impact of these forward to 2023.'

'Cut child poverty in five easy steps'

The Guardian

'Alison Garnham, the chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group, said: "Poverty and hunger exclude children from some learning and social opportunities and leave them exposed to stigma and shame. This pilot recognises the scale of the problem and strives to address it head on."'

London council launches free school meals pilot scheme

23 May
 

The Law Society Gazette

'Child Poverty Action Group's Martin Williams's cases include the 'hugely complex' incapacity benefit employment support allowance backdating case, which LAPG says "transformed the lives of many people".'

Finalists for legal aid 'Oscars' revealed

22 May
 

The National

'John Dickie, of Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) in Scotland, said: "The Scottish Government’s commitment to a new income supplement is a potential game-changer, but, as the Commission makes clear, it needs to be backed by a level of investment that provides meaningful support to families and a substantive impact on overall child poverty numbers."'

Scottish Government urged to bring forward child poverty payments

The Big Issue

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group added: "After a decade of cuts, low-earning families and those who can’t work have been left with too little to live on and the damage is showing."'

The UN’s poverty report slams government for ‘mean-spirited’ austerity

21 May
 

The Scotsman

'Mr Dickie added: "The Scottish Government’s commitment to a new income supplement is a potential game changer, but as the Commission makes clear it needs to be backed by a level of investment that provides meaningful support to families and a substantive impact on overall child poverty numbers."'

Poverty commissioners slam government budget for 'lack of transparency'

The Herald

'John Dickie, Director of Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland, said the report exposed a "massive gap" between the government’s ambitions and the resources it allocated.'

Far more spending needed to cut Scots child poverty

15 May
 

BBC News online

'Carla Clarke, head of strategic litigation for Child Poverty Action Group, said the benefits cap was "increasing poverty while failing to deliver on its principal aim of work incentivisation."'

Benefits cap: Five single parents lose Supreme Court challenge

The Daily Mail

'Carla Clarke, head of strategic litigation for Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG), which represented two families, said the ruling was "hugely disappointing".'

Lone parents lose Supreme Court fight over benefit cap

The Guardian

'Carla Clarke, the head of strategic litigation at Child Poverty Action Group, which represented two single parents in the case, said the ruling was disappointing. "The UK’s highest court has upheld a law and a policy that is increasing poverty while failing to deliver on its principal aim of work incentivisation," Clarke said.'

Lone parents lose benefits cap challenge at supreme court

The Daily Record

'Carla Clarke, head of strategic litigation for Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG), which represented two families, said the ruling was "hugely disappointing".'

Benefit cap single parents LOSE Supreme Court fight against DWP

Shropshire Star

'The chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group charity, Alison Garnham, said the statistics "expose the absurdity and incoherence" of the benefit cap policy.'

Revealed: Benefit caps hitting hundreds of Shropshire families

ITV news

'John Dickie, director of Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland, said: "Today’s stark figures outline the staggering levels of child poverty that many of our communities face."'

New figures show child poverty levels of up to 46% in parts of Scotland

The Daily Mail

'John Dickie, director of Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland, said: "There is no question rising child poverty is driven by UK Government social security cuts but Scottish Ministers must act now with the utmost urgency to introduce their promised income supplement."'

New figures show child poverty levels of up to 46% in parts of Scotland

Glasgow Live

'Mr Dickie, also a member of the End Child Poverty in Scotland umbrella group, added: "These aren't just statistics. These are children going hungry, missing out on school trips, unable to enjoy the activities and opportunities their better off peers take for granted."'

Child poverty levels are up in Glasgow, new figures show

1 May
 

iNews

'Ms Garnham said Universal Credit issues could have a dire impact on the finances of claimants but "practical" and "inexpensive" changes by the DWP could help.'

Universal Credit claimants don’t know how much they should be getting because of transparency issues, says child poverty report

The Sun

'CPAG chief executive, Alison Garnham said: "Transparency should be a the heart of a fair social security system but our research shows Universal Credit claimants do not always understand the amounts they’re getting so it’s harder for them to pick up on mistakes or to predict how their awards might change."'

UNIVERSAL HELL Universal Credit errors are pushing people in to debt, charity warns

The Guardian

'The charity’s chief executive, Alison Garnham, said: "The DWP must improve the information it provides so that universal credit claimants are not floundering in the dark about their award. Clear and accessible information on how decisions are made and your right to appeal is the bare minimum we should expect from a modern benefit."'

Universal credit is 'Orwellian', says former high court judge

The Independent

'"Clear and accessible information on how decisions are made and your right to appeal is the bare minimum we should expect from a modern benefit" - Alison Garnham'

Universal credit claimants being underpaid as they are 'left in the dark' about entitlements, charity warns

The Mirror

'CPAG Chief Executive Alison Garnham said: "The scope for misunderstandings, omissions and errors is vast."'

DWP's 'Orwellian' Universal Credit breaches rule of law, ex-top judge declares

9 April
 

BBC News online

'Child Poverty Action Group director of policy Louisa McGeehan said: "By 2021, we will be cutting £40bn a year from our work-and-pensions budget through cuts and freezes to tax credits and benefits and, as a result, we have put so much progress on child poverty into reverse."'

Why UK child poverty targets won’t be met

6 April
 

Ekklesia

Two-child limit will tip 300,000 more children into poverty, says CPAG

2 April
 

The Express

'University College London researchers studying 45 families for Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG), found around one in four children sometimes went hungry, despite parents often going without meals.'

Plea for billions to tackle the school funding crisis

BBC Radio 4

Living Hand to Mouth lead author Rebecca O'Connell interviewed.

Woman's Hour

The Guardian

'Alison Garnham, CPAG chief executive, added: "The young people in this study make the case for universal free school meals more powerfully than anyone else could. Their hunger, their shame, their sense of being cut off from learning and social opportunities – all because parents can’t afford enough food – are appalling in a society that believes every child matters."'

Children in low-income families suffer 'shame and social exclusion'

The Independent

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of CPAG, which published the book, said: "Universal free school meals should be part of the solution but wider government action is needed – urgently – to eradicate the poverty that underlies children’s hunger. As a minimum, free school meals should be restored for all families on universal credit."'

Children in low-income families facing ‘hunger and shame’, study finds

HuffPost

'CPAG chief executive Alison Garnham said: "The young people in this study make the case for universal free school meals more powerfully than anyone else could. Their hunger, their shame, their sense of being cut off from learning and social opportunities – all because parents can’t afford enough food – are appalling in a society that believes every child matters."'

Children Are Going Hungry Amid Harsh Restrictions On Free School Meals – Report

31 March

 

The Independent

'Alison Garnham, the chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group, argued the rhetoric against lone parents had gone but the policies that are currently playing out effectively single them out for a greater risk of impoverishment. "To have almost half of lone parents’ children in poverty is unacceptable in a society that believes that every child deserves support," she said.'

Nearly 2 million single mothers are being hit by the benefit freeze

29 March
 

The National

'But John Dickie, of Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG), said: "Families struggling now cannot wait years for the Scottish Government’s promised income supplement, welcome as it is. Whilst there is no question rising child poverty is driven by UK Government social security cuts, Scottish ministers must act now and use new powers to boost family incomes immediately."'

Scottish inequality gap increases as poverty deepens

28 March
 

The Herald

'John Dickie, Director of Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland, said urgent action was required. He said: "These aren’t just statistics. These are children going hungry, missing out on school trips, unable to enjoy the activities and opportunities their better off peers take for granted. These are parents going without meals, juggling debt and seeing their own health suffer to protect their children from the poverty they face."'

Nicola Sturgeon urged to speed up new benefit as child poverty rises

The Scotsman

'John Dickie, of Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG), said: "Today’s stark figures show that families struggling now cannot wait years for the Scottish Government’s promised income supplement, welcome as it is."'

Growing gap between rich and poor in Scotland, official stats suggest

BBC News online

'Mr Dickie said: "As time slips by, childhoods slip by, childhoods blighted by the simple fact their families just don't have the money they need to give their children a decent start in life."'

One in five living in poverty in Scotland as income inequality rises

LocalGov

'Commenting on today’s annual poverty statistics, chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group Alison Garnham said: "Today’s poverty figures make grim reading with more than 4.1 million children still in poverty and a jump in the proportion of poor children in working families."'

Government is ‘failing’ to combat child poverty, campaigners say

The Guardian

'Research carried out for Child Poverty Action Group found that a four-year freeze on children’s benefits due to run until next year will lead to average loses of £240 per year for families with children. It will also result in 100,000 more children in poverty by 2023-24.'

Poverty increases among children and pensioners across UK

The Mirror

'Chief executive Alison Garnham said the figures make "grim reading" adding: "A coalition of charities came together to ask the Chancellor to take the opportunity of his Spring Statement to end the benefit freeze and bring families in from the cold. But the government chose not to."'

DWP child poverty figures a 'national scandal' as 4.1million kids are hit

The Independent

'Research carried out for Child Poverty Action Group to coincide with the publication of the figures found that the four-year freeze on children’s benefits alone would lead to average loses of £240 per year for families with children.

Alison Garnham, chief executive of the charity, said: "Despite high employment, today’s figures reveal that 70 per cent of children living under the poverty line have at least one parent in work. That is not an economy that is working for everyone."' 

Number of children in absolute poverty across UK hits 3.7 million after increases of 200,000 in a year 

The Evening Standard

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group, said the figures made for "grim reading".'

Amber Rudd pledges action as child poverty figures remain unchanged at 4.1 million

Financial Times

'"The jobs miracle has not been that miraculous in its effects on child poverty," said Alison Garnham, chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group, campaign group. She cited research by the think-tank IPPR, suggesting the four-year freeze on child benefits alone would push 100,000 more children into poverty by 2023-24.'

UK households see no growth at all in real income

BBC News online

'Alison Garnham, chief executive of Child Poverty Action Group, said: "Despite high employment, today's figures reveal that 70% of children living under the poverty line have at least one parent in work."'

Nearly three million children in poverty despite parents working

27 March
 

The Sun

'Child Poverty Action Group's latest report found that the cost of raising a child to 18, including childcare costs, is a massive £183,335.'

PRIDE AND JOY 12 freebies and discounts parents can get on nappies, food, wipes and baby equipment

The Guardian

'Dr Mary Anne MacLeod, the research and policy officer at A Menu for Change, a three-year project partnering Oxfam Scotland with the Poverty Alliance, Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland and Nourish Scotland with the aim of reducing food bank use, urged the Scottish government to use its newly-devolved welfare powers to help poorer families. "The Scottish government has said that it needs to prioritise the secure transfer of benefits from Westminster, but they also made a commitment to boosting family income through the income supplement. These figures reveal the urgency and scale of the problem," she said.'

Scotland food parcels reach double previous estimates, data shows

22 March
 

The Guardian

'John Dickie, of Child Poverty Action Group Scotland, said: "We have huge concerns that the 2022 timetable for a new income supplement fails to reflect the extraordinary increase in child poverty that the country faces. A £5 top-up to child benefit implemented now could, for example, lift thousands of children out of poverty and protect many more from hardship."'

Scottish government set to miss its child poverty targets – report

Third Force News

'John Dickie said: "The Scottish Government’s timetable for a new income supplement fails to reflect the extraordinary increase in child poverty that the country faces. Children in poverty really can’t wait until 2022 and beyond for the Scottish Parliament to use its powers to boost family incomes in a substantive way. As time slips by childhoods are slipping by, childhoods that continue to be blighted by the damage poverty wreaks. Action is needed now. An immediate £5 top up to child benefit could, for example, lift thousands of children out of poverty and protect many more from hardship."'

Scotland set to fail on child poverty targets

21 March
 

The Herald

'John Dickie, director of Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland called for immediate action from the Scottish Government and claimed children could not afford to wait. A £5 increase in child benefit could make an immediate impact, he claimed. "The Scottish Government’s timetable for a new income supplement fails to reflect the extraordinary increase in child poverty that the country faces," he said.'

Tens of thousands of Scottish children face plunge into poverty as Government targets missed

13 March
 

The Big Issue

'"Funding sanitary products for girls in schools may help with one small area of expenditure, but this will have a minimal impact on poverty overall. It leaves in tatters the prime minister’s claim that austerity is over" said chief executive of CPAG Alison Garnham.'

Hammond gives Spring Statement period poverty and affordable housing boost

The Sun

'CPAG chief executive Alison Garnham said: "The Chancellor could have sent a lifeline to low-income families."'

SQUEEZE EASED Spring statement 2019: Benefits set to FINALLY increase by £500 for millions next year, Philip Hammond promises

The Guardian

'Child Poverty Action Group chief executive Alison Garnham said: "The chancellor could have sent a lifeline to low-income families. That he didn’t is evidence of ministers’ refusal to confront the reality that families have been left with too little money to live on after three long years of stagnant incomes and rising prices."'

Spring statement: Brexit deal could end austerity, but benefit freeze continues - as it happened

The Independent

'Child Poverty Action Group chief executive Alison Garnham said: "As a country we want all families to prosper but the freeze has left low earners and those who can’t work out in the cold. Child poverty rates risk reaching a record high by the end of this parliament with 200,000 children tipped into poverty as a result of the freeze on children’s benefits alone."'

Spring statement: Philip Hammond accused of failing to ease austerity despite £27bn spending boost

12 March
 

CLASS

Blog from our head of policy and research Josephine Tucker

Chancellor Must Take Action on Child Poverty

20 February
 

The Guardian

'Louisa McGeehan, 'Child Poverty Action Group charity’s director of policy, said ..."We've been v successful at reducing pensioner poverty but we've allowed child poverty to rise. That's unjustifiable in a country that is compassionate and believes that every child matters."' 

British children living in poverty 'could hit record high' – report

1 February
 

The Guardian

'The chief executive of the charity Child Poverty Action Group, Alison Garnham, said: "The work and pensions secretary has said she is listening to concerns about how universal credit plays out on the ground. Will she listen to the many people who responded to this survey to report ongoing problems?"'

Universal credit scores lowest for satisfaction in benefits survey

31 January
 

BBC News

'Carla Clarke, Child Poverty Action Group's head of strategic litigation, said that "no mother should have to see her children go short of essentials in order to pay the rent".'

'Homeless' mum takes Birmingham Council to Supreme Court

The Independent

'CPAG’s head of strategic litigation, Carla Clarke, said the case was important in a climate in which housing benefit has been "eviscerated" while rents continued to rise.' 

Single mother takes government to court after being forced into homelessness due to housing benefit shortfall

24 January
 

The Times

Lawyer of the week: Carla Clarke, solicitor who acted for single mothers in High Court universal credit victory

23 January
 

HuffPost

'According to the charity Child Action Poverty Group (CPAG) – which is bringing the judicial review on Wednesday and Thursday – the women have faced "irrational and unlawful discrimination."'

DWP Faces Court Challenge 'After Universal Credit Claimants Left Out-Of-Pocket By Government Blunders'

The Independent

'CPAG claims those who are more severely disabled will be more than £100 a month worse off under universal credit than the previous arrangements.'

Government faces High Court challenge over impact of universal credit on disabled households

The Mirror

'CPAG solicitor Carla Clarke said: "our clients suffered significant income drops. Neither chose to claim Universal Credit - they were forced to, following incorrect decisions by DWP."'

Government faces fresh legal challenge over Universal Credit 

The Sun

'Child Poverty Action Group’s solicitor Carla Clarke said ahead of the court hearing today: "The Government has consistently said no-one will be worse off if they move to universal credit without a change of circumstances. But our clients suffered significant income drops."'

PAYING THE PRICE: Disabled Brits wrongly forced onto Universal Credit SUE the Government over blunder

17 January
 

ITV news

Director of policy, rights and advocacy, Louisa McGeehan, interviewed for ITV news.

More children in poverty coming from working families

11 January
 

Sky TV online

'Solicitor Carla Clarke, of Child Poverty Action Group, welcomed the ruling: "Today's result should mean that in future no-one will lose out on their Universal Credit awards or face the hardship that my clients have faced simply because of when their payday happens to fall," she said.'

Four mothers win High Court case over Universal Credit payment calculations

BBC News online

'Solicitor Carla Clarke, of Child Poverty Action Group, said the universal credit system was "out of step with both actual reality and the law", and had caused them "untold hardship, stress and misery"'.

Universal credit: Single mums win High Court battle

BBC Radio 4 

CPAG head of strategic litigation Carla Clarke interviewed on World at One 

The Independent 

'CPAG’s solicitor Carla Clarke said: "Our clients have been doing everything they can to support themselves and their young children through work, but the rigid assessment system in universal credit has caused them untold hardship, stress and misery with them being forced repeatedly to manage on half of their usual total monthly income, despite their fixed outgoings remaining the same."' 

Single mothers win landmark universal credit battle with government in High Court

The Guardian

'Carla Clarke, a solicitor for CPAG, who welcomed the "commonsense judgment", said: "Food banks provide a valuable service, but one issue, for example, has been that she is a pregnant lady and needs access to fresh food and vegetables, as well as the ability to send her young son to nursery with a proper packed lunch."'

Four single mothers win high court benefits battle against DWP

The Sun

'Child Poverty Action Group solicitor Carla Clarke welcomed the "common sense" judgment today.'

Universal Credit dealt MASSIVE blow by four battling single mums after they win court challenge that system is unfair

The Mirror 

'Child Poverty Action Group solicitor Carla Clarke added: "The DWP has designed a rigid process that is out of step with both actual reality and the law."'

Universal Credit: Calls to halt benefit as Amber Rudd vows reform - 10 minutes after court defeat

10 January
 

The Big Issue

'"We already have a minister responsible for our social security system which, on any basic understanding of its role, is meant to prevent poverty, destitution and hunger in this country," said CPAG chief executive Alison Garnham.'' 

MPs are calling for a food insecurity minister to fight child malnourishment 

The i

'"That we should need reminding of the UN’s sustainable development goals in such a rich country is a scandalous development," said Child Poverty Action Group Chief Executive Alison Garnham.'

MPs call for 'minister for hunger' while charities urge Government to end benefits freeze