Families with children face a particular set of poverty risks. As children come into their lives, parents have a duty to care for them, something which takes time and which thus reduces the hours available to undertake paid work. At the same time, children cost money. They need to be fed, clothed, sheltered and kept warm. To thrive, they need to have the things required to participate in society: toys, books, school trips, access to safe places to play, presents on their birthday. Moussa Haddad helps shed some light on the cost of raising a child in the UK and examines the changing nature of government support for families.