CPAG submitted written evidence to the APPG on Health inquiry into child poverty, health and well-being. Our submission notes the evidence for a relationship between poverty and poorer outcomes for child physical and mental health.
- In the most deprived areas birthweights are on average 200g less on average than in the richest areas. Stillbirths and mortality in the first week are twice as likely in low socio-economic status (SES) groups than in high SES groups.
- Children in disadvantaged families are ten times as likely to die suddenly in infancy, 2.5 times as likely to suffer chronic illness (e.g. asthma) as a toddler, twice as likely to have cerebral palsy and over three times as likely to suffer mental disorders.
- They are also likely to have more severe forms of asthma and more likely to require hospital admissions for diabetes.
- Disadvantaged children are more likely to suffer acute infectious illnesses like pneumonia
- Children in poverty have higher rates of self-harm, and young men who experienced child poverty are twice as likely to commit suicide. If mental health inequality was erased (i.e. if mental health across the population was brought up to the level of those in the highest socio-economic groups), mental disorders in children would be reduced by 40%.