Families are inevitably at greater risk of poverty than other households because there are more people to maintain on a given income. Our societies have developed social policies to help families with children in the tasks of child rearing. Childcare subsidies or the direct provision of childcare, maternity benefits and parental leave arrangements encourage and enable parents to do paid work. Parents out of work because of unemployment, sickness of disability may be covered by social protection (social insurance or social assistance) schemes. To meet the extra costs of children all countries in Europe have developed transfers in respect of children, whether the parent(s) are employed or not.
This briefing by Professor Jonathan Bradshaw explores child poverty and child benefit policy in different European countries, to see whether we can learn lessons from the social policies of others.
Secure Futures papers do not necessarily reflect the views of CPAG.