As parents face back-to-school costs, new research published today by Child Poverty Action Group and co-funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation shows that parents face a growing struggle to provide a decent standard of living for their families in 2013.
Key findings from the research, carried out by the Centre for Research in Social Policy at Loughborough University:
- It now costs a minimum of £148,000 in total to bring up a child to age 18 and meet their minimum needs, which is around £160 a week (averaged for a child across all ages and including childcare costs and housing).
- The minimum necessary cost for raising a child rose by 4% in 2013, while safety net benefits for families and children only rose by 1%, the minimum wage rose by 1.8%, average earnings rose by 1.5%, and child benefit did not rise at all.
- The value of both child benefit and child tax credit relative to the costs of raising a child has decreased in the last year. Many low-income families have also seen cuts in housing support with the introduction of changes such as the ‘bedroom tax’.
- At the same time, working families have had to contend with rapidly increasing childcare costs (which have increased at 5.9% in the last year) while many non-working families are now required to pay council tax.
- Minimum wage families face a growing shortfall for the spending their children need. Families working full time on the national minimum wage now have only 83% (couples) and 87% (lone parents) of the minimum income needed to support their families.
- Families receiving out of work benefits face even greater shortfalls of income. Couple families receive only 58% of the income they require to cover minimum costs, while lone parents get 61%.
- The introduction of universal credit from October this year will have mixed results for families. However, for both couple and lone parents working full time on the minimum wage, the new system will still leave them some way short of an acceptable standard of living.
- Families with children tend to fall lower down the income distribution and be at higher risk of poverty than those without. This is partly explained by the costs set out in this report. These additional costs hit families at the same time as ‘time costs’ and childcare costs prevent parents from earning more.
Alison Garnham, Chief Executive of Child Poverty Action Group, said:
“This research paints a stark picture of families being squeezed by rising prices and stagnant wages, yet receiving ever-diminishing support from the government over the course of the last year.
“Every parent knows it’s getting harder to pay for the essentials their children need, and they don’t feel like politicians see them as a priority. Child benefit and child tax credit have been cut at the very time families need them most. Families are getting worse off and parents know it.
“If every child in Britain can grow up healthy, well-educated and an active participant in their community, we all benefit from a more prosperous economy. This was well understood by the post-war generation who prioritised universal benefits for all children despite being much deeper in debt than we are today.
“As we move towards a ‘living standards election’, now would be a good time to renew our national commitment to all our children.”
Katie Schmuecker, Policy and Research Manager at Joseph Rowntree Foundation, which co-funded the research study added:
“This research looks at how much it costs parents to give their children a standard of living that the public think is the minimum acceptable. The task of making ends meet for families with children has always been hard, but is getting harder, and balancing family budgets has become a perilous and delicate act for hard-pressed parents.
“Flat lining wages, cuts to benefits and tax credits and the rising cost of essentials is creating a growing gap between income and needs.
“The next election is likely to be the first since the 1930s where living standards are lower than the last poll. All parties must go to the country with policies and a commitment to help the prospects of low-income families.
“The risk and costs otherwise are enormous. Child poverty costs the Treasury £29 billion a year – a price we can scarcely afford to pay, particularly in the current economic context.”
Notes to Editors
- For the full report, please follow this link: Cost of a Child 2013
- Costs of a Child in 2013 draws on Joseph Rowntree Foundation’s Minimum Income Standards (MIS) project, which regularly asks members of the public what they regard as the essential items we should all be able to afford. Details can be found at https://www.jrf.org.uk/report/minimum-income-standard-uk-2013
- Scorecard for Cost of a Child 2013:
- Cost of a Child (2013) is the second in a series of annual reports that allows tracking of annual changes to:
- the minimum basic cost requirements for children
- the different drivers of childhood costs (e.g. childcare, transport, housing, education, social participation)
- the adequacy of social support for ensuring basic costs are met
- the relationship between children’s costs and headline inflation
- parental attitudes on family spending requirements
It will be published by Child Poverty Action Group each August/September so please note in your future planning.
- CPAG is the leading charity campaigning for the abolition of child poverty in the UK and for a better deal for low-income families and children.
- CPAG is the host organisation for the Campaign to End Child Poverty, which has over 150 member organisations and is campaigning for public and political commitment to ensure the goal of ending child poverty by 2020 is met.