The publication of today’s annual poverty statistics for the year leading up to the pandemic (Households Below Average Income 2019- 2020) shows:
- 200,000 more children fell into relative poverty (after housing costs) in 2019-2020 – twice the increase in the previous year. That means 4.3 million children (31% of all UK children) are in poverty - up from 3.6 million in 2010-11.
- 51% of all children in poverty are in families with a youngest child aged under five
- 75% of poor children lived in working families in 2019-20 up from 72% in 2018-19, and 12% of poor children had a self-employed parent.
- Poor families have fallen deeper into poverty: 2.9 million children were in deep poverty (i.e. with a household income below 50% of AHC equivalised median income) 600,000 more than in 2010/11
- 1.7 million children went hungry because their family could not afford enough food
- 49% of lone parents are now in poverty (up from 44% in 2018-19)
- 47% of children in families with 3 or more children were in poverty, up from 43% the year before and 36% a decade earlier.
Commenting on today’s figures, Child Poverty Action Group Chief Executive Alison Garnham called for an increase in child benefit:
"This dismal data shows child poverty levels are now devastatingly high, and that’s before we see the impact of the pandemic. Children and their families will pay the price unless government acts urgently. Ministers must develop a clear plan to prevent child poverty – and raising child benefit would be a good place to start.
"Increasing child benefit by £10 per week would lift 450,000 children from poverty. One year from now we should not have to look at data showing even more children have fallen into poverty because of Government inaction.
"Today’s poverty figures show what was clear all along, that low-income families with children entered the pandemic financially vulnerable and with child poverty having risen by 700,000 since 2012 when benefit cuts began. Despite child poverty having fallen prior to 2010, we have now seen a decade of cuts to our social safety net and entered the pandemic expecting to spend £36 billion a year less on social security so it is no surprise that child poverty has risen. We badly need a cross- government strategy to end child poverty and increasing child benefit should be the first action point."
Notes to editors:
Today’s Households Below Average Income statistics are here
CPAG media contact Jane Ahrends on 07816 909302
Note: this press release was updated to reflect the correct figures for in-work poverty.