Employment and support allowance

Welfare Rights -Employment and support allowance block

Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) provides financial help to people who are unable to work because of illness or disability. This page lists all our resources on ESA.

Key resources


  • Refusal to accept late mandatory reconsideration requests

    Last updated: September 25, 2017
    test case

    Update - 25 September 2017 - on 4 August 2017 a three-judge panel of the Upper Tribunal decided that, where a claimant makes a mandatory reconsideration request at any time within 13 months of the original decision, s/he will, if dissatisfied, subsequently be entitled to appeal to a First-tier Tribunal.

  • From ESA to UC

    Issue 259 (August 2017)
    article

    Simon Osborne looks at the rules regarding claimants ‘migrating’ from employment and support allowance (ESA) to universal credit (UC).

  • ESA and WCA – recent and forthcoming changes

    Issue 258 (June 2017)
    article

    Simon Osborne reviews changes regarding employment and support allowance (ESA) and the work capability assessment (WCA).

  • ESA – limited capability to claim?

    Issue 258 (June 2017)
    article

    Employment support allowance (ESA) stops in certain situations, including where the claimant does not have limited capability for work (LCW) or is treated as not having LCW following failure to attend a medical examination without a good reason. Martin Williams takes a closer look.

  • ESA and UC: components axed

    Issue 257 (April 2017)
    article

    The employment and support allowance (ESA) component for work-related activity and the universal credit (UC) element for limited capability for work have been abolished from 3 April 2017. Simon Osborne describes the rules, including who can still be entitled.

  • Safeguarding guidance: a tool for practitioners

    Issue 248 (October 2015)
    article

    Safeguarding procedures exist within DWP guidance to protect vulnerable claimants if their claim is about to be stopped. Greenwich Welfare Rights Service has found that querying with the DWP when the guidance has not been applied has regularly resulted in benefit being reinstated quickly. Owen Stevens and Corin Hammersley explain current safeguarding guidance for employment and support allowance (ESA) and universal credit (UC).

  • ESA and substantial risk

    Issue 247 (August 2015)
    article

    Alison Gillies provides an update on some increasingly important rules.

  • ESA and ‘significant worsening’

    Issue 246 (June 2015)
    article

    Recent rule changes make it more difficult for claimants to get employment and support allowance (ESA) in payment straight away if they reclaim following failing the work capability assessment (WCA). One way to do so is on the basis that their health condition has ‘significantly worsened’. But what does that mean, and how will the DWP approach the matter? Simon Osborne explains.

  • ESA and abolition of the ‘six month rule’

    Issue 245 (April 2015)
    article

    Simon Osborne describes important new rules which affect repeat claims for employment and support allowance (ESA) following failure of the work capability assessment, and entitlement to ESA pending appeal.

  • Repeat WCAs following appeal: new guidance

    Issue 243 (December 2014)
    article

    The DWP has issued new guidance (Memo DMG 27/14) about repeat referrals for the work capability assessment (WCA), where the claimant has been successful in an appeal. As before, when a repeat WCA is to be applied is not a matter of law, and so is not in itself a potential subject of appeal to the First-tier Tribunal. However, the guidance, described here by Simon Osborne, provides some very useful pointers in advising claimants as to what they can expect.